How To Grow & Care For Split Leaf Philodendron

The Split Leaf Philodendron, known for its unique and elegant appearance, is a classic among houseplant enthusiasts. Its deeply lobed, large leaves can transform any interior space into a lush tropical paradise. The striking foliage, resembling the shape of a monstera, makes it a sought-after ornamental plant, often adding a touch of sophistication to homes, offices, and public spaces.

Native to the rainforests of Central America, this plant is a part of the Araceae family and thrives in warm, humid environments. What makes the Split Leaf Philodendron stand out is not only its aesthetic appeal but also its adaptability and resilience, making it a popular choice for both seasoned gardeners and beginners.

Although the Split Leaf Philodendron has a grand presence, its care and maintenance are not as daunting as one might think. Understanding the plant’s needs and providing the right environment can ensure a thriving and vibrant growth, adding a living piece of art to your space.

Common NamesSplit Leaf Philodendron, Monstera deliciosa
Botanical NamePhilodendron bipinnatifidum
Plant TypeEvergreen perennial
Mature SizeUp to 15 feet tall and wide in natural habitat
Sun ExposureBright, indirect sunlight
Soil TypeWell-drained, peat-based soil
Hardiness Zones10-11
Native AreaCentral America

Split Leaf Philodendron Care

The Split Leaf Philodendron is a versatile and robust plant that can thrive with basic care. Its ability to adapt to various lighting conditions and its tolerance to occasional neglect make it an excellent choice for indoor gardening.

Placement and regular monitoring of its water, soil, and sunlight needs are key to maintaining a healthy plant. A balanced approach, coupled with keen observation, can ensure that the Split Leaf Philodendron grows lush and vibrant.

Light Requirement for Split Leaf Philodendron

The Split Leaf Philodendron prefers bright, indirect sunlight. While it can tolerate low light conditions, inadequate light may lead to slow growth and reduced vibrancy. Direct sunlight should be avoided as it can cause leaf scorching.

Soil Requirements for Split Leaf Philodendron

A well-draining, peat-based soil is ideal for the Split Leaf Philodendron. The soil should retain some moisture but not become soggy, as this can lead to root rot. A mixture of peat, perlite, and pine bark often works well.

Water Requirements for Split Leaf Philodendron

Watering should be done when the top inch of soil feels dry. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering may cause the leaves to dry and wilt. Adjust the watering schedule based on the season and the environment.

Temperature and Humidity

Ideal temperature ranges from 65°F to 80°F. The Split Leaf Philodendron thrives in humidity, so consider using a humidifier or placing the plant on a tray filled with water and pebbles.


A balanced liquid fertilizer applied every 6-8 weeks during the growing season will support healthy growth. Reduce fertilization during the winter months.

Pruning Split Leaf Philodendron

Pruning helps maintain the shape and size of the plant. Remove dead or yellowing leaves regularly and trim back any unwanted growth to encourage a bushier appearance.

Propagating Split Leaf Philodendron

Propagation can be done through stem cuttings. Cut a stem with at least one leaf and a few roots and place it in water or soil. Roots will develop, and the cutting can be potted.

How To Grow Split Leaf Philodendron From Seed

Growing from seed is less common but possible. Plant the seeds in a well-draining soil mix and maintain high humidity. Germination may take several weeks.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases


Mealybugs can be treated with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Root Rot

Caused by overwatering, root rot can be prevented by proper watering practices and well-draining soil.

Common Problems With Split Leaf Philodendron

Yellowing Leaves

Often a sign of overwatering, reduce water if leaves turn yellow.

Lack of Splitting

Leaves may not split if the plant lacks adequate light. Ensure proper light conditions.

Drooping Leaves

Usually a sign of underwatering. Adjust the watering schedule as needed.

Pro Tips

  1. Rotate the plant regularly to ensure even growth.
  2. Clean the leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust and enhance photosynthesis.
  3. Provide support such as a stake or trellis for tall or leggy plants.
  4. Ensure proper drainage by using a pot with drainage holes.
  5. Keep the plant away from drafts and sudden temperature changes to prevent shock.