How To Grow & Care For String of Buttons

The String of Buttons, also known as Crassula perforata, is a beloved succulent that captivates gardeners with its stacked, triangular leaves. The leaves, growing opposite each other, resemble a series of buttons on a string, lending the plant its common name. Its attractive appearance, versatility, and ease of care make it a popular choice among houseplant enthusiasts.

Originating from South Africa, the String of Buttons belongs to the Crassula family. It has an appealing, intricate structure, and the edges of its fleshy leaves often take on a pink or red hue when exposed to the right amount of sunlight. The plant forms beautiful trailing stems that can hang or sprawl, making it suitable for various display options.

The String of Buttons is not only admired for its ornamental value but also appreciated for its adaptability. It can be grown indoors or outdoors and tends to thrive even with minimal attention. With proper care, it may even produce small star-shaped flowers during its blooming season.

Common NamesString of Buttons, Necklace Vine, Pagoda Plant
Botanical NameCrassula perforata
Plant TypeSucculent
Mature Size12-18 inches in height
Sun ExposureFull sun to partial shade
Soil TypeWell-drained, sandy or succulent mix soil
Hardiness Zones9-12
Native AreaSouth Africa

String of Buttons Care

The String of Buttons is a low-maintenance plant that enjoys well-drained soil, proper sun exposure, and a consistent watering routine. Like many succulents, it stores water in its leaves, making it resilient to periods of drought. The distinctive appearance of its leaves, along with its hardy nature, makes it a fascinating addition to any indoor or outdoor garden.

Care for the String of Buttons is relatively straightforward, but attention must be given to its soil and water needs to prevent common issues like root rot. Providing an environment that replicates its native habitat will contribute to a healthy and thriving plant.

Light Requirement for String of Buttons

The String of Buttons thrives in bright but indirect sunlight. It can tolerate direct sun for a few hours daily, but excessive exposure might cause leaf scorching. If grown indoors, placing it near a window that receives plenty of filtered light is ideal.

Soil Requirements for String of Buttons

The plant requires a well-draining soil mix, such as a combination of sandy soil or succulent mix with a little added compost. The soil must allow water to flow through easily, as stagnant water can lead to root diseases.

Water Requirements for String of Buttons

Watering the String of Buttons must be done with caution, as overwatering is a common mistake. Allow the soil to dry between waterings, and reduce watering during the winter months when the plant is dormant.

Temperature and Humidity

The String of Buttons prefers a temperature range between 60-75°F (15-24°C). While it can tolerate some minor frost, it’s best to protect the plant from extreme cold. It does not require high humidity, and overly humid conditions may lead to fungal growth.


A balanced, water-soluble fertilizer, diluted to half the recommended strength, can be applied during the growing season. Fertilizing once a month is sufficient, and care must be taken not to over-fertilize, as this can harm the plant.

Pruning String of Buttons

Pruning is essential for controlling growth and maintaining the plant’s appearance. Remove dead or overgrown stems to encourage new growth. Trimming can be done at any time of the year.

Propagating String of Buttons

Propagating the String of Buttons can be easily done through stem or leaf cuttings. Allow the cuttings to dry for a day or two before planting them in well-draining soil.

How To Grow String of Buttons From Seed

Growing this plant from seed is possible but rare, as cuttings are a more efficient method. If opting for seeds, sow them in sandy soil, keep them warm, and maintain slight moisture until germination.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases


Aphids can be removed with insecticidal soap or neem oil.


Mealybugs can be treated by manual removal or using insecticides.

Fungal Diseases

Ensure good air circulation and avoid excessive watering to prevent fungal issues.

Common Problems With String of Buttons

Yellowing Leaves

May indicate overwatering. Ensure proper drainage and reduce watering frequency.

Drooping Stems

This could be a sign of insufficient sunlight. Move to a brighter location.

Reddish Edges on Leaves

While often a healthy sign of sun exposure, excessive redness might mean too much direct sun.

Pro Tips

  1. Avoid overwatering, as this is a common mistake that leads to root rot.
  2. Consider displaying the plant in a hanging pot to showcase its trailing nature.
  3. Pair with other succulents for a varied and attractive display.
  4. Rotate the plant occasionally to ensure even growth and exposure to light.
  5. If grown outdoors, choose a spot with morning sun and afternoon shade for best results.