How To Grow & Care For Syngonium

The Syngonium, commonly known as the Arrowhead Plant, is a versatile and attractive houseplant known for its distinctive arrow-shaped leaves. Native to tropical Central and South America, it has become a popular choice among indoor gardeners worldwide. In the wild, Syngonium may start as a compact plant, but with time, it can grow into a climbing or trailing vine, displaying an array of green, pink, or white leaves.

The Syngonium is more than just an ornamental plant; it also holds significance in the practice of Feng Shui. Believed to bring positive energy, the five lobes of its mature leaf represent the five elements of Feng Shui: Wood, Water, Earth, Fire, and Metal. From young, heart-shaped leaves to mature, five-fingered forms, the Arrowhead Plant’s changing appearance symbolizes the ongoing transformation of life.

With a broad range of cultivars to choose from, Syngonium adds color and texture to the interior space. It is also appreciated for its air-purifying qualities, making it not only an aesthetically pleasing choice but a functional one as well.

Common NamesArrowhead Plant, Goosefoot Plant, African Evergreen
Botanical NameSyngonium podophyllum
Plant TypeEvergreen Perennial
Mature SizeUp to 3-6 feet tall
Sun ExposureBright Indirect Light
Soil TypeWell-draining, Peat-based Potting Mix
Hardiness Zones10-11
Native AreaCentral and South America

Syngonium Care

Syngonium care is relatively straightforward, making it suitable for both novice and experienced plant enthusiasts. Its forgiving nature accommodates a range of lighting and watering conditions.

A key to success with the Syngonium is recognizing its changing needs as it matures. Young plants may remain compact, but as they grow, they may desire support to climb or trail. Adjusting care to meet these evolving requirements will ensure a thriving and attractive plant.

Light Requirement for Syngonium

Bright, indirect light is the best for Syngonium. Direct sunlight may scorch the leaves, while too little light can cause leggy and weak growth. East or North-facing windows or a spot behind sheer curtains are usually ideal.

Soil Requirements for Syngonium

A well-draining peat-based potting mix is suitable for Syngonium. The soil should retain some moisture but not become soggy. Adding perlite or sand can improve drainage if needed.

Water Requirements for Syngonium

Syngonium prefers the soil to be kept evenly moist but not waterlogged. Watering when the top inch of soil feels dry and reducing watering in the winter months is ideal.

Temperature and Humidity

Syngonium enjoys a warm, humid environment. A temperature range of 60-75°F (15-24°C) is optimal. If the indoor air is dry, consider using a humidifier or placing the pot on a tray with wet pebbles.


A balanced, liquid fertilizer applied every 4-6 weeks during the growing season will support healthy growth. Reduce or stop fertilizing during the dormant winter months.

Pruning Syngonium

Pruning helps maintain the desired shape and size. Cut back any unruly or dead stems and leaves. Regularly check for any signs of pests or diseases during pruning.

Propagating Syngonium

Syngonium can be propagated through stem cuttings. Cut below a node, and place the cutting in water or moist soil. The cutting should root within a few weeks.

How To Grow Syngonium From Seed

Growing Syngonium from seed is rare and more challenging. If you find seeds, sow them in a well-draining mix and keep them warm and moist until germination.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases


Small insects that can lead to weak growth. Wash off with water or use insecticidal soap.

Spider Mites

Fine webbing and speckling on leaves. Increase humidity and wash the leaves.

Common Problems With Syngonium

Yellow Leaves

Often a result of overwatering. Adjust the watering schedule and ensure proper drainage.

Leggy Growth

Usually caused by insufficient light. Move the plant to a brighter location.

Pro Tips

  1. Rotate the Syngonium occasionally to ensure even growth.
  2. Clean the leaves regularly to remove dust and maintain appearance.
  3. Provide support like a moss pole if the plant becomes a climber.
  4. Be cautious with pets, as Syngonium contains oxalate crystals, which can be irritating if ingested.
  5. Maintain consistency in care to help the plant thrive and grow beautifully.