How To Grow & Care For Tree Philodendron

Tree Philodendron is a popular tropical houseplant known for its large, luscious leaves and easy-to-grow nature. These magnificent plants belong to the Philodendron genus and the Araceae family. Their vibrant green leaves can range in size and shape, adding a touch of exotic elegance to any indoor setting. Though mainly grown as an indoor plant, Tree Philodendron can also thrive outdoors in suitable climates.

Native to the rainforests of South America, Tree Philodendrons are adapted to a warm, humid environment. The plants are capable of growing up trees, hence the name “Tree Philodendron.” With their trailing growth habit and beautiful foliage, these plants make a stunning addition to any home, office, or garden.

Even for novice gardeners, Tree Philodendrons can be relatively easy to maintain. As long as they’re provided with the right conditions, these plants can grow vigorously. Below is a comprehensive guide that provides insights into the growth and care of Tree Philodendron.

Common NamesTree Philodendron, Lacy Tree Philodendron, Cut-Leaf Philodendron
Botanical NamePhilodendron bipinnatifidum
Plant TypeEvergreen Shrub
Mature Size15 feet tall, 8 feet wide (indoors)
Sun ExposurePartial shade
Soil TypeWell-draining, peat-based soil
Hardiness Zones9-11
Native AreaSouth America

Tree Philodendron Care

Caring for Tree Philodendron is quite straightforward, even for novice gardeners. Its adaptability and minimal care requirements make it a favorite among plant enthusiasts.

Provide your Tree Philodendron with bright, indirect light and well-draining soil. Regular watering is necessary, but it’s crucial to let the top inch of the soil dry out between waterings. A pebble tray filled with water can provide additional humidity. Regular feeding during the growing season and occasional pruning to shape the plant or remove dead leaves will help keep it vibrant and thriving.

Light Requirement for Tree Philodendron

Tree Philodendron prefers bright, indirect light. Too much direct sunlight can cause leaf scorching, while insufficient light may lead to leggy growth and reduced leaf size.

Soil Requirements for Tree Philodendron

A well-draining, peat-based soil mix is best for Tree Philodendron. Adding perlite or sand can improve drainage, preventing root rot.

Water Requirements for Tree Philodendron

Water the Tree Philodendron thoroughly, allowing the top inch of the soil to dry between waterings. Reduce watering in the winter when the plant’s growth slows down.

Temperature and Humidity

Tree Philodendron thrives in temperatures between 65°F and 78°F. Humidity levels of 40% or higher are preferred, though the plant is quite tolerant of indoor humidity.


Fertilize Tree Philodendron with a balanced, liquid houseplant fertilizer every 6 to 8 weeks during the growing season. Follow the instructions on the package for proper application.

Pruning Tree Philodendron

Pruning is generally needed to shape the plant or remove dead or damaged leaves. Use clean, sharp scissors to make clean cuts.

Propagating Tree Philodendron

Propagation is commonly done through stem cuttings. Cut a healthy stem with at least one leaf and root it in water or moist soil.

How To Grow Tree Philodendron From Seed

Growing Tree Philodendron from seed is challenging and best suited for experienced gardeners. Seeds should be sown in a warm, humid environment and may take several months to germinate.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Spider Mites

Spider mites can be managed with neem oil or insecticidal soap.

Root Rot

Root rot occurs when the soil is too wet. Ensuring proper drainage can prevent this disease.

Common Problems With Tree Philodendron

Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing leaves can be a sign of overwatering. Reduce the watering frequency and check for proper drainage.

Leggy Growth

Leggy growth indicates insufficient light. Moving the plant to a brighter location can resolve this issue.

Brown Leaf Tips

Brown leaf tips may signify low humidity. Increasing humidity with a humidifier or misting can help.

Pro Tips

  1. Avoid placing Tree Philodendron near radiators or air conditioning vents to prevent dry air.
  2. Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth periodically to remove dust and maintain a glossy appearance.
  3. Repot every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and provide room for growth.
  4. Keep the plant away from pets, as it may be toxic if ingested.