How To Propagate a Philodendron: An Easy Step-By-Step Guide

What is a Philodendron?

Philodendrons are one of the most popular houseplants available today. These tropical plants, which belong to the Araceae family, are known for their lush leaves and attractive growth habits. They come in many shapes and sizes, from trailing vines to upright tree-like varieties. Philodendrons can make great additions to any home or office space.

Propagation Basics

Propagating philodendrons is relatively easy and it’s a great way to multiply your collection without spending money! There are two main methods of propagation: stem cuttings and division. Stem cuttings involve taking a cutting from an existing plant while division involves separating parts of an already established root system into multiple plants. Both methods can be successful but it’s important to understand how each works before attempting either technique.

Stem Cuttings

To propagate philodendron via stem cuttings you will need: scissors/pruning shears; rooting hormone (optional); potting soil; and containers with drainage holes in the bottom for planting . Start by carefully removing 4-6 inch long sections from healthy stems on an existing plant – use sharp scissors or pruning shears for best results – making sure that there is at least one leaf node (the spot where new leaves sprout) near the bottom of each section you take off. If desired, dip the ends of these sections into rooting hormone before planting them in prepared containers filled with moistened potting soil – this step isn’t necessary but may help promote faster root development as well as greater success rates when propagating philodendron via stem cuttings. Covering each cutting with plastic wrap will also help keep humidity levels high while keeping water out so roots don’t rot during the process; remove this covering after roots have formed and shoots have begun growing above ground level (usually within 6-8 weeks). Afterward transplant rooted stems into larger pots as needed once they become more established over time!


To propagate via division all you need is a sharp knife or saw, plus some additional planting materials like planters or trays filled with moistened potting soil for re-potting divided pieces afterwards if desired. Begin by identifying mature clumps that contain several smaller rooted segments connected together; then gently unearth part of this clump using your hands/knife/saw until its divisions become visible underneath – doing this very slowly & carefully helps avoid damaging young root systems too much! Next separate these individual segments away from their parent plant completely before replanting them separately according to their own needs & preferences; note that some species tend do better when planted in groups rather than alone so please research ahead prior dividing any specimens accordingly! Finally water thoroughly after repotting divisions & place newly propagated plants somewhere bright yet protected from direct sunlight exposure until they adjust properly over time – adjusting lighting conditions gradually prevents shock & excessive stress associated with sudden changes especially when dealing with sensitive indoor species such as philodendrons!