How To Propagate Aquarium Plants: A Step-by-Step Guide

Aquarium plants are a great addition to any tank, providing not only aesthetic appeal but also many benefits to the overall health of your aquatic pets. Propagating aquarium plants is a great way to save money and enhance the beauty of your tank. In this blog post, we will explore various methods on how to propagate aquarium plants.

Propagate through Stem Cuttings

One common method for propagating aquarium plants is through stem cuttings. This method works best with stem plants like Bacopa, Rotala or Ludwigia among others. To start this process, snip off a healthy section of the plant’s stem (with several leaves attached) using sharp scissors or pruning shears.

Next, remove all but one or two leaves from the bottom of the cutting before planting it in new substrate material such as sand or gravel. Ensure that at least half of the remaining leaf surface area is above water level – this will encourage growth both above and below waterline.

Propagate through Leaf Cuttings

Another way to propagate some species of aquatic plants like Anubias nana and Cryptocoryne wendtii is by taking leaf cuttings from them. Remove individual leaves from mature healthy specimens with clean scissors then plant these into pots filled with suitable substrate materials like soil mixed with fertilisers.

Ensure that each pot has its own light source so that they do not compete for resources when growing together in proximity. This technique can take longer than other propagation methods as it relies more heavily upon individual care and attention given towards each individual cutting.

Propagate through Runners

For certain species such as Java Moss, Vallisneria Spiralis and Hygrophila Pinnatifida which send out runners containing baby shoots in their natural habitat; this propagation method involves separating these runners (or stolons) from parent stock by gently pulling them apart while being careful not to damage either side during separation process .

Once removed successfully, each runner can be planted in a new substrate material such as sand or soil, and the baby shoots will start to grow from them. This method is one of the quickest ways to propagate aquarium plants.


In conclusion, propagating aquarium plants can be an easy and cost-effective way to expand your plant collection while also providing benefits for your aquatic pets. Whether through stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or runners, there are several methods that you can use depending on the species of plant that you want to propagate. With proper care and attention given towards each individual cutting’s needs – including light sources and substrate materials – you’ll soon have healthy new specimens thriving in your tank!