How To Propagate Chicks and Hens: A Step-by-Step Guide

What is Chicken Propagation?

Chicken propagation is the process of breeding chickens in order to increase the population. It can be done either naturally, through mating between a cock (male) and a hen (female), or artificially, using techniques such as incubation and artificial insemination. The goal of chicken propagation is to raise healthy chickens that produce eggs for consumption. It also provides an opportunity for genetic variation within a flock, which helps prevent disease and improves overall health.

Natural Mating Process

When propagating chicks and hens naturally, it involves pairing up compatible roosters with hens. Roosters are generally introduced into established flocks during the springtime when hens begin laying eggs again after their winter moult. A suitable rooster will mate with several hens throughout the season in order to fertilize their eggs for hatching purposes. Once fertilized, these eggs need to be collected daily from nesting boxes so they can be checked for fertility before being placed into an incubator or under a broody hen for hatching purposes.

Artificial Insemination

Another method used by chicken breeders is artificial insemination (AI). Artificial insemination allows breeders to control certain traits within a flock more precisely than natural selection methods would allow on their own. AI is conducted by collecting semen from male birds chosen specifically because they possess desirable physical characteristics desired by breeders and then introducing this semen into female birds via internal injection or external application directly onto her back near her vent area where it is absorbed through the skin’s pores over time until she becomes fertile enough to lay viable eggs that could potentially hatch chicks possessing those same sought-after traits as its father bird had had originally possessed himself at time of collection of his semen sample used during AI procedure itself..

Incubation Process

Once fertilized eggs have been collected from nesting boxes, they must be placed inside an incubator set at optimal temperature and humidity levels before hatching takes place approximately 21 days later depending upon species type kept/raised . Inside an incubator, temperature should always remain consistent around 99 degrees Fahrenheit while relative humidity should hover somewhere between 40% – 50%, depending on conditions outside machine itself (i.e., if relatively humid day versus dryer one outside). There are other factors necessary too include turning little rolling mechanism located within lid every few hours plus regularly checking & replenishing water pan within bottom chamber along side opening door twice per day just long enough make sure oxygen levels remain adequate without causing drastic drops out temperatures due sudden influx cold air coming inside each time door opened briefly/quickly like this; all together providing best environment possible conducive successful embryonic development & eventual hatching newest members farm family!


Propagating chicks and hens offers many benefits both economically and genetically speaking since it allows farmers/breeders control quality stock produced while simultaneously increasing overall production amounts no matter what specific goals may happen hope achieve either way! With proper preparation ahead time followed correct steps involved during actual processes themselves whether natural matings ,artificial inseminations ,incubations etc…anyone interested getting started field poultry management bound find rewarding experience awaits them ultimately having positive impact upon entire industry well!