Epiphyllums, also known as orchid cacti or epi cacti, are beautiful and exotic plants that produce large, showy flowers. These plants belong to the family of epiphytic cacti and they grow naturally in tropical rainforests where they attach themselves to trees.
If you’re interested in growing epiphyllums, one way to increase your stock is by propagating them. Propagation is the process of creating new plants from an existing one. In this blog post, we will discuss how to propagate epiphyllums through cuttings.
Prepare for propagation
Before starting with the propagation process, gather all necessary equipment such as a sharp knife or pruning shears, rooting hormone powder or gel and small pots filled with well-draining soil mix. Make sure that everything is clean and sterilized before use.
Choose a healthy parent plant
To ensure a successful propagation process for your epi cactus selection of healthy parent plant cuttings is important. Select a vigorous mature stem cutting from any part of the plant during its active growth season which occurs in spring-summer months.
Using sterile scissors make cuts about 6 inches long on the stem at an angle towards nodes this will allow for more space for roots to develop when placing into potting soil mixtures without overcrowding each other’s root systems.. Once you have made your cut take care not damage it while handling it so place gently aside until ready to proceed further steps.
Apply rooting hormone powder or gel
Dip the bottom end of each cutting several times into either powdered or gelled rooting hormones which contains natural compounds like Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) that encourage root formation faster than usual while minimizing risks associated with infections caused by bacteria-fungi present around our environment thus helping establish roots quickly .
Fill small plastic pots with well-drained potting soil mixture pine bark, perlite or sand should work well for this purpose. Use a stick, pencil or chopstick to make small holes in the soil and then gently place each cutting into them about two inches deep ensuring that they are planted upright.
Give newly potted cuttings sufficient moisture by watering with warm water until moist but not soaking wet. Place the pots in a bright area but away from direct sunlight for at least 2-4 weeks allowing them time to develop roots before transplanting into larger containers.
Transplant into Larger Pots
Once your newly propagated epiphyllums have developed strong root systems you can now move them over to new larger containers filled with fresh soil mix. This will give room for growth and allow you more opportunity to enjoy the beauty of these plants through their flowers which come out once a year usually during springtime months.
Propagation is an excellent way of increasing the number of epiphyllums in your collection without having to spend much money buying new ones. The steps involved are easy, and if followed correctly, they will lead to faster rooting resulting in stronger plant life thus high chances of success rate when reproducing your favorite orchid cactus varieties adding interest and variety to any indoor garden space.