How To Propagate Rubber Fig: A Step-By-Step Guide

What is Rubber Fig?

Rubber fig, also known as Ficus elastica, is a species of evergreen tree native to India and Southeast Asia. It is an attractive plant often used in landscaping as well as indoors due to its unique foliage and low maintenance requirements. The leaves are thick and glossy, often having shades of red or purple on the undersides which make them especially striking when grown in full sun or bright light. Rubber figs can reach heights up to 30 feet outdoors but they can be easily kept smaller through regular pruning.

How to Propagate Rubber Fig

Propagating rubber fig trees is relatively easy when done correctly using either stem cuttings or air layering methods. Each method has advantages and disadvantages so it’s important to select the best option for your situation before beginning propagation. Here’s how you can propagate rubber fig:

Stem Cuttings

The easiest way to grow new rubber fig specimens from existing plants is through stem cuttings taken from mature stems with multiple nodes that have been hardened off – meaning that they no longer look green but rather brownish-gray with little bark texture. Using a sharp knife or clippers, take several 4-6 inch sections ensuring each one includes at least 2 nodes (where the leaf attaches). Dip these into rooting hormone powder if available then stick them into moistened soil or perlite until they are firmly rooted – this should take about 7-10 days depending on temperature and humidity levels in your home/garden environment. Once established, keep these cuttings lightly watered until their roots become visible then repot into larger containers with fresh potting mix for continued care and growth over time!

Air Layering

Another popular method used by experienced gardeners who need more clones quickly is air layering – this involves taking entire branches from mature plants then wrapping them in wetted spaghum moss before burying them in high quality potting soil; after several weeks of keeping this mixture moist (but not soggy) new roots will begin forming near where the branch was buried allowing you to remove both parts separately without damaging any existing root system! Simply trim off lower leaves once exposed roots have developed fully then carefully transplant pieces into larger pots filled with fresh mix before continuing normal watering/feeding routines like normal – ensure there are adequate drainage holes at base of each container too otherwise root rot may occur eventually leading death within weeks afterwards if unchecked!


Propagating rubber fig trees doesn’t have to be difficult; by following our simple steps above you’ll be able to create beautiful healthy specimens quickly whether through traditional Stem Cuttings or Air Layering techniques used alongside proper care during all stages of development! Just remember that patience pays off when trying out either process so don’t give up even if things seem slow going at first instance – soon enough those efforts will reap rewards later down line thanks again for tuning us today here on How To Garden & Grow blog we hope enjoyed learning more about propagating Ficus Elastica today please share any other tips below comment section below many thanks again till next time stay green everyone !