How To Prune a Ficus: Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

Ficus trees, also known as fig trees, are popular houseplants that can add life and greenery to any room. However, they require proper care and maintenance to thrive. One crucial aspect of ficus tree care is pruning. Pruning helps maintain the health and shape of your plant by removing dead or damaged branches and encouraging new growth.

In this blog post, we’ll cover everything you need to know about how to prune a ficus tree properly.

When Should You Prune Your Ficus Tree?

The best time to prune a ficus tree is in spring or early summer when it’s actively growing. Avoid pruning during fall or winter as the dormant season may cause unnecessary stress on the plant.

Tools You Need for Pruning a Ficus Tree

To properly prune your ficus tree, you’ll need some essential tools:

– A pair of clean gardening shears
– Gloves
– Disinfectant spray or rubbing alcohol

How to Prune Your Ficus Tree Step-by-step

Step 1: Inspect Your Plant

Before starting the pruning process, inspect your ficus tree for any dead or diseased branches that need removal. Also look for crossing branches or those that are rubbing against each other as they can damage each other over time.

Step 2: Cut off Dead Branches

Use your gardening shears to cut away all dead branches at their base where they meet the main stem/trunk of your plant.

Step 3: Remove Diseased Branches

If there are diseased branches on your plant, remove them immediately using shears that have been disinfected with rubbing alcohol or disinfectant spray between cuts. This will prevent spreading disease throughout the rest of the plant.

Step 4: Trim Crossing/Branching Branches

Trimming crossing/branching branches will help prevent them from damaging each other over time creating wounds which attract pests and diseases into open wounds from trimming.

Step 5: Prune for a Balanced Shape

To promote optimal growth and shape, prune your ficus tree so that it has a balanced and symmetrical form. Trim away any branches that are growing too tall or those that are out of place to maintain the plant’s overall shape.

Step 6: Step Back and Admire Your Work!

After pruning, step back and admire your work! Congratulations on successfully pruning your ficus tree.


Pruning is an essential aspect of ficus tree care. By removing dead or diseased branches, promoting new growth, and maintaining the plant’s shape, you can ensure its long-term health. With proper technique and tools in hand, you can easily prune your ficus tree at home on a regular basis to keep it looking beautiful!