How To Prune A Ficus Bonsai Tree: Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

If you have a ficus bonsai, pruning is an essential task to keep it healthy and looking beautiful. Pruning helps maintain the shape of your bonsai tree while promoting growth and maintaining good health. In this blog post, we will discuss the necessary steps on how to prune a ficus bonsai.

Why prune your ficus bonsai?

Pruning your ficus bonsai is crucial to promote vigorous growth while keeping its size in check. This process also helps remove diseased or damaged branches, allowing new shoots to develop in their place. Additionally, pruning encourages branching by stimulating buds that were previously dormant.

When should you prune your ficus bonsai?

The best time to prune most species of trees is during late winter or early spring before they start growing again for the season. However, since a ficus bonsai can be grown indoors throughout the year, you can trim it as needed any time of the year.

Tools required

Before starting with the pruning process, make sure that you have all necessary tools nearby:

– Concave cutters
– Scissors
– Broom

Steps on how to prune a Ficus Bonsai

Step 1: Start with removing dead leaves and branches

Begin by removing any dead or yellowing leaves using scissors or clean fingers; this will help stimulate new growth in those areas where leaves have fallen off naturally due to age or disease.

Step 2: Trim new growth tips

Use scissors or concave cutters (depending on branch thickness) to trim back long shoots from the top of your tree until only two sets of leaves remain at each node (or sometimes just one). This technique will encourage more branching from these points over time.

Step 3: Remove crossing branches

Look out for crossing limbs (those that grow over another branch’s space) and remove them promptly before they cause damage later on down the line if left unattended.

Step 4: Cut back long branches

If you have a branch that is getting too long or heavy, it might be time to cut it back. Use your concave cutters to remove the branch at an angle just above a leaf node.

Step 5: Clean up

Once you’re done pruning, use a broom or brush to sweep off any debris from below your bonsai tree. This process helps keep pests and diseases away and promotes good hygiene.


Pruning is essential for keeping your ficus bonsai healthy and looking beautiful throughout the year. Remember to only prune as needed, using sharp tools, and following proper techniques outlined in this blog post. With some patience and care, your ficus bonsai will thrive for years to come!