How To Prune ZZ Plant: A Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

Zamioculcas zamiifolia, commonly known as the ZZ plant or Zanzibar gem, is a popular indoor plant due to its low maintenance and attractive glossy foliage. Pruning is an essential aspect of ZZ plant care that helps maintain its shape and overall health. In this blog post, we’ll discuss how to prune ZZ plants effectively.

Why prune your ZZ Plant?

Pruning your ZZ plant can help it grow fuller and bushier by encouraging new growth from the base of the stem. It can also prevent leggy growth, where stems become long and spindly with fewer leaves. Pruning removes dead or damaged foliage and promotes better air circulation around the remaining leaves, reducing the risk of disease.

When to prune your ZZ Plant

You should only prune your ZZ plant during spring or summer when it’s actively growing. Avoid pruning in winter when it’s dormant as this could inhibit new growth.

Tools needed for pruning

To properly prune a ZZ plant you will need:

1) A clean pair of pruning shears
2) Gloves (optional)

How to Prune Your ZZ Plant

Step 1: Identify what needs cutting

The first step in pruning your ZZ plant is identifying which areas need cutting back. Look for any yellowing or brown leaves that have died off naturally or are severely damaged by pests, diseases, or physical damage.

Step 2: Clean up

Before beginning any pruning work on your zz plants make sure you disinfect all tools with rubbing alcohol or bleach water solution so that you do not transfer any harmful bacteria between plants while working on another one later down the line.

Step 3: Cut back damaged foliage

Using sharp pruners start at the base of each stem making small cuts just above healthy leaf nodes removing dead material until reaching good healthy tissue below; be sure not leave stubs as these may lead rotting problems down road if left untreated too long.

Step 4: Prune for shape

Once the damaged foliage has been removed, you may opt to prune your ZZ plant for a more aesthetic shape. Depending on the desired look you want to achieve, trim back any stems that have grown too long or those that are protruding awkwardly. You can also pinch off growing tips from healthy stems to encourage fuller growth.

Step 5: Dispose of pruned waste

After pruning, it’s important to dispose of all pruned parts in sealed bags and discard them away from other plants. ZZ plant debris should never be added into compost piles as this can introduce unwanted pests and diseases.


Pruning is an essential aspect of keeping your ZZ Plant healthy and attractive. By removing dead or damaged foliage, promoting new growth at the base of each stem, shaping the plant aesthetically can make sure your Zamioculcas zamiifolia remains vibrant and lush looking throughout its lifespan with minimal effort needed on our part!