Protecting Gardens from Pronghorns: A Guide to Deter Antelope

Introduction: Understanding Pronghorn Antelopes in the Garden Context

Pronghorn antelopes, native to North America, are often seen in regions with vast open plains. While they are graceful and fascinating creatures, they can become a nuisance for gardeners as they may venture into cultivated areas in search of food. Understanding their behavior, preferences, and natural deterrents is key to protecting gardens from their foraging.

Pronghorn Behavior and Preferences

Seasonal Movement and Feeding Habits

Pronghorns are migratory animals that move seasonally in search of food. During these migrations, they may stumble upon gardens, particularly in regions where their natural habitat has been encroached upon by human development. Understanding their migratory patterns can help in anticipating potential conflicts with these animals.

Preferred Plants

Pronghorns are primarily browsers, and their diet consists of a wide variety of plants including forbs, shrubs, and grasses. Some of the plants that are commonly found in gardens and are appealing to pronghorns include sunflowers, clovers, and certain vegetables. Knowledge of these preferences can guide the choice of plants in the garden or the methods used to protect them.

Deterrent Methods to Keep Pronghorns Away

Physical Barriers

Installing fences can be one of the most effective ways to keep pronghorns out of the garden. However, pronghorns are excellent jumpers, and a fence needs to be at least 7 feet tall to be an effective barrier. The use of double fencing or slanted designs can also deter them from attempting to jump.

Natural Repellents

Several natural repellents can be used to deter pronghorns without harming them. This can include the use of scent repellents such as garlic, eggs, or capsaicin. These are often applied to plants that need protection and need to be reapplied regularly, especially after rain.

Alternative Planting Strategies

By understanding the pronghorns’ preferred plants, gardeners can create a design that is less appealing to them. Choosing plants that are not part of their regular diet, or planting them in a way that makes access difficult, can be an effective strategy.

Using Guard Animals

Some farmers and gardeners have found success in using guard animals such as dogs to protect their gardens from pronghorns. Dogs that are trained to guard properties without harming wildlife can be a valuable asset in deterring pronghorns from approaching cultivated areas.

Considerations in Implementing Deterrents

Ethical Considerations

It’s vital to approach the problem of pronghorns in the garden with an understanding of the animals’ natural behavior and needs. Implementing deterrents should be done with consideration for the welfare of the pronghorns, using non-lethal methods.

Local Regulations

Some regions may have specific laws and regulations regarding the interaction with and deterrence of wildlife. Consulting local wildlife agencies or experts before implementing deterrents is advisable to ensure that all actions taken are within legal boundaries.

Collaboration with Neighbors

In some cases, collaboration with neighbors or local communities can be a more effective way to manage pronghorns. Shared fencing or community-wide efforts to create less appealing landscapes for pronghorns can have a more substantial impact than individual efforts.


Pronghorn antelopes are beautiful and vital parts of the ecosystem, but they can become a challenge for gardeners. By understanding their behavior and preferences, and by implementing thoughtful deterrents, it is possible to coexist with these animals without harm. Integrating these strategies into garden planning and management ensures that both gardens and pronghorns can thrive in their respective environments.