Understanding Spotted Snake Millipedes: An In-depth Guide to Blaniulus Guttulatus

Introduction to Blaniulus Guttulatus

Blaniulus Guttulatus, commonly known as the spotted snake millipede, is a species of millipede found in many parts of Europe. Recognizable by their elongated bodies and distinctive spots, they are intriguing creatures that often pique the interest of naturalists and gardeners alike.

Appearance and Physical Characteristics

The spotted snake millipede is a slender and elongated creature with two pairs of legs per body segment. Adults typically measure around 20mm in length.


The body of Blaniulus Guttulatus is generally pale with a series of distinct reddish-brown spots, lending the creature its common name.

Body Structure

The segmented body allows for impressive flexibility, enabling the millipede to move in a sinuous, snake-like manner.

Habitat and Distribution

Spotted snake millipedes inhabit a variety of ecosystems, including:

Garden Soil

They are commonly found in garden soil, especially in damp and shaded areas, where they feed on decaying plant material.

Forested Areas

In forests, they can be found under logs, stones, and leaf litter.


Sometimes, they may also inhabit greenhouses or other controlled environments.

Diet and Feeding Habits

Blaniulus Guttulatus primarily feeds on decaying organic matter but may occasionally feed on seedlings, roots, and tubers.


Their role as decomposers is essential for nutrient cycling in the ecosystem.

Potential Crop Damage

In some instances, they might cause minor damage to young plants, particularly during damp conditions.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Understanding the life cycle of Blaniulus Guttulatus can aid in studying their behavior and ecology.

Mating Behavior

Mating generally occurs in spring, with males depositing spermatophores that are picked up by females.

Eggs and Juveniles

Females lay eggs in soil, and the juveniles go through several molts to reach adulthood.

Interaction with Other Organisms

The spotted snake millipede interacts with various organisms within its ecosystem.


Natural predators include ground beetles, birds, and small mammals.

Symbiotic Relationships

Some studies suggest potential symbiotic relationships with specific microbes that aid in digestion.

Controlling Blaniulus Guttulatus in Gardens

While generally considered beneficial, there may be instances where control is needed.

Physical Removal

Handpicking or trapping can be effective in small-scale infestations.

Cultural Practices

Maintaining proper soil moisture and hygiene can prevent an unwanted increase in their population.

Chemical Control

If needed, specific insecticides can be used following guidelines from experts or local authorities.

Blaniulus Guttulatus, or the spotted snake millipede, is a fascinating organism that plays a vital role in ecosystem function. Their physical characteristics, habitat preferences, and feeding habits contribute to their unique niche within the environment. While often regarded as beneficial decomposers, they may sometimes require control in garden settings. The study and understanding of these millipedes offer insights into complex ecological interactions and provide an engaging subject for both amateur naturalists and professional biologists.